The World Health Organization’s Violence Against Women (WHO VAW) study instrument uses 13 items that assess the different forms of gender-based violence including psychological, physical, and sexual violence against women perpetrated by intimate partners. The scale measured 3 factors of psychological, physical and sexual violence.
Geographies Tested: Brazil
Populations Included: Female
Age Range: Adolescents, Adults
*Has he insulted you or made you feel bad about yourself?
*Has he belittled or humiliated you in front of other people?
*Has he done things to scare or intimidate you on purpose?
*Has he threatened to hurt you or someone you care about?
*Has he slapped you or thrown something at you that could hurt you?
*Has he pushed or shoved you?
*Has he hit you with his fist or with something else that could hurt you?
*Has he kicked you, dragged you or beaten you up?
*Has he choked or burnt you on purpose?
*Has he threatened to use or actually used a gun, knife or other weapon against you?
*Has he physically forced you to have sexual intercourse when you didn't want to?
*Did you ever have sexual intercourse when you didn't want because you were afraid of what he might do?
*Has he forced you to do something sexual that you found degrading or humiliating?
Prevalence of each question and mean scores are calculated.
Schraiber, L. B., Latorre, M. D. R. D. O., França Jr, I., Segri, N. J., & d'Oliveira, A. F. P. L. (2010). Validity of the WHO VAW study instrument for estimating gender-based violence against women. Revista de saude publica, 44, 658-666.
Ease of Use Score
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing
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