The Adolescent Stigmatizing Attitudes, Beliefs and Actions (ASABA) scale is an 18-item adaption of the [Stigmatizing Attitudes and Beliefs and Actions (SABA) scale, capturing stigma related to abortion among adolescents. The three dimensions assessed here are negative stereotypes, discrimination and exclusion, and potential contagion.
Geographies Tested: Kenya
Populations Included: Female
Age Range: Adolescents
1.A girl who has an induced abortion is committing a sin
2.Once a girl has one abortion, she will make it a habit
3.A girl who has an abortion cannot be trusted
4.A girl who has an abortion brings shame to her family
5.The health of a girl who has an abortion is never as good as it was before the abortion
6.A girl who has had an abortion might be a bad influence on other women
7.A girl who has an abortion will be a bad mother
8.A girl who has an abortion brings shame to her community
9.A girl who has had an abortion should be prohibited from going to religious services.
10.A girl who has had an abortion should be teased so that she will be ashamed about her decision.
11.A girl should be disgraced in my community if she has had an abortion.
12.A man should not marry a woman who has had an abortion.
13.A girl who has had an abortion should no longer be associated with me.
14.A girl who had an abortion should be pointed fingers at so that other people would know what she has done.
15.A girl who has an abortion should not be treated the same as everyone else.
16.A girl who has had an abortion can make other people fall ill or get sick.
17.A girl who has had an abortion should be isolated from other people in the community for at least 4 weeks after having an abortion.
18.If a boy has sex with a girl who has had an abortion, he will most likely become infected with a disease.
Strongly disagree - 1
Disagree - 2
Unsure - 3
Agree - 4
Strongly agree - 5
Makenzius, M., McKinney, G., Oguttu, M., & Romild, U. (2019). Stigma related to contraceptive use and abortion in Kenya: scale development and validation. Reproductive Health, 16(1), 136. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-019-0799-1
Ease of Use Score
Existing Literature/Theoretical Framework
Field Expert Input
Cognitive Interviews / Pilot Testing
to get the latest updates on new measures and guidance for survey researchers