RECOMMENDED MEASURES FOR USE IN SURVEY RESEARCH
Gender and social inequalities, and issues of agency and power are critical to the delivery and use of family planning (FP) programs and services. In present FP programs, there is growing understanding of demand-side gender determinants that can influence use or non-use of family planning including women’s sexual and reproductive autonomy, communication norms between spouses, reproductive coercion, decision making, men’s involvement in FP and respect and quality in care. To advance our learning on family planning programs, with a particular focus on women’s agency and gender norms, we examined the state of the field to identify good measures and build robust measurement science to test and adapt measures in low and middle income countries and generate a consensus on availability and use of gender measures in family planning.
Relevant EMERGE Reports and Papers
Validation of the Fertility Norms Scale and Association with Fertility Intention and Contraceptive Use in India; View a summary of this paper here
Measurement of Contraceptive Decision-Making and Contraceptive Use
Cross-National Experiences from Burkina Faso, India, Nigeria, and Uganda
From Choice to Agency in Family Planning Services
Measuring Women’s Agency and Gender Norms in Family Planning: What do we know and where do we go?
Why Measure Demand for Family Planning During the COVID-19 Pandemic?
Household Decision-Making and Contraceptive Use: Measurement and a Review of Evidence
Mother in law’s Influence on Family Planning Decision Making and Contraceptive Use: A Review of Evidence
Measuring Women’s Agency in Family Planning: the Conceptual and Structural Factors in the Way
IUSSP Webinar 2021: Family Planning Research under the COVID-19 Pandemic
ICFP2022: Measuring Women’s Agency in Contraceptive Decision-Making: Evidence for Contraceptive Use (and Non-Use) and moving towards Reproductive Autonomy
Please check back for modules on gender-focused determinants of contraceptive use
A link to Search Family Planning measures
to get the latest updates on new measures and guidance for survey researchers